What is Java Programming Language?

divider

Java is a high-level, class-based, object-oriented programming language that is designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. It is used to develop desktop and mobile applications, big data processing, embedded systems, and web applications.

What is needed for Java development?

In order to write and run a Java program, development tools like the Java Development Kit (JDK).

Java developers writing and running a Java program using development tools like the Java Development Kit containing a JRE.

The Java Development Kit is an implementation of either one of the Standard Edition, Enterprise Edition, or Micro Edition platforms released by Oracle Corporation in the form of a binary product aimed at Java developers on Solaris, Linux, macOS or Windows. Basically, a JDK contains a Java Runtime Environment (JRE) that enables running Java programs on your computer.

Commonly Used Java Frameworks

divider

Spring Framework

The Spring Framework is an open-source framework that offers a complete programming and configuration architecture for modern Java-based corporate applications running on any platform.

Spring Core, Spring Web MVC, Spring AOP, Spring DAO, Spring context, Spring ORM, and Spring Web Flow are some of its components. It is also compatible with Kotlin and Groovy. The following are the primary advantages of Spring:

  • Clean and accessible written code
  • Lightweight
  • XML and annotation compatible
  • Dependency injection

Apache Struts

Apache Struts is a free and open-source web application framework used to create Java EE web applications.

It makes use of and extends the Java Servlet API in order to encourage developers to employ a model–view–controller (MVC) architecture to construct attractive, modern Java web applications. It prefers convention over configuration. The major benefits of Apache Struts are as follows:

  • Plugins to support REST, AJAX and JSON
  • Easy to set up
  • Flexible
  • Speeds up development

Play

Play Framework is a free and open-source web application framework that adheres to the model–view–controller architectural paradigm. It is developed in Scala and can be used with other programming languages that are compiled to Java Virtual Machine (JVM) bytecode.

Because it is built on a lightweight, stateless, web-friendly design, Play Framework makes it simple to develop web apps using Java and Scala. Some advantages of Play are:

  • User-friendly
  • Allows convention over configuration
  • Show error messages in the browser
  • Support of non-blocking I/O for high-performance applications
  • Failure tolerant and flexible

Grails

Grails is a free and open source web application framework that is built with the Apache Groovy programming language.

It is designed to be a high-productivity framework by adhering to the "code by convention" model and concealing most of the configuration complexity from the developer. It is JDK, Java EE container, Hibernate, Spring, and Quartz compatible. Grails offer the following features:

  • Easy to set up
  • Integrates with prewritten Java code
  • Huge number of plugins
  • Simplicity allows RAD development

Hibernate

Hibernate Object-relational Mapper (Hibernate ORM) is a Java programming language object–relational mapping tool. It offers a framework for converting an object-oriented domain model to a relational database.

It connects seamlessly with any database and is extremely useful when working with many databases. Hibernate has the following characteristics:

  • Scalable
  • Easy configuration
  • Data conversion for multiple databases
  • Simplifies an apps interaction with databases

Jakarta Server Faces (JSF)

Jakarta Server Faces (JSF; formerly JavaServer Faces) is a Java specification for creating component-based user interfaces for web applications.

It was standardized as part of the Java Platform, Enterprise Edition through the Java Community Process. JSF and Struts are quite similar. Some features of JSF are:

  • Reusable UI components
  • Rich libraries
  • Improved productivity

Dropwizard

Dropwizard is a Java framework for creating operationally friendly, high-performance RESTful web services.

Dropwizard assembles reliable, mature libraries from the Java ecosystem into a lightweight bundle that allows you to focus on productivity. Features of Dropwizard include:

  • Native prototyping
  • Supports most Java libraries for any framework

Current State and Future of Java

divider

Java is the most widely used programming language, with three billion devices presently running it. It is used in the development of commercial websites, mobile and desktop apps, online solutions, games, application servers, big data solutions, and software tools.

Java is extensively used for tiny apps as well as large end-to-end corporate systems. Java is becoming more powerful with each new version that is published.

Java programmers developing commercial websites, mobile and desktop apps, games, application servers, and software tools.

Java has regularly placed among the top three programming languages on TIOBE's index rating, with C, Python, C++, C#, and Visual Basic. Java is utilized by developers of embedded software solutions for IoT devices largely because of its portability.

Because Java runs on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), developers can simply mobilize Java code to any chips, devices, or software packages that come with JVM pre-installed.

The Java programming language is also used in other prominent and developing domains. Java code is heavily used in big data, augmented reality, robot cars, and cloud computing development projects.

Java developers have every reason to be upbeat about their prospects. Since its original release in 1996, Java has been developing and improving with each upgrade.

Java used in big data and cloud computing projects puts Java among the top three programming languages on TIOBE ratings.

Because of its application in many IoT, AI, and big data initiatives, Java helps to drive IT innovation. Java, as a result, is here to stay and should be considered for your next custom programming project.

What is Java Programming used for?

divider

Java was initially intended to run embedded network programs across various platforms. Java has evolved into a universal programming language that is suitable for client-side programming, server-side applications, web solutions, and mobile app development.

Web Application Development in Java

Java is a popular language for web development, particularly on the server side.

Java web apps are internet-based distributed applications. Java web development enables us to design dynamic web pages that allow users to interact with the interface.

Servlet API

Servlet enhances the capabilities of servers that host applications. The request-response model is used in web applications created using servlets in Java.

A servlet has a life cycle that begins with initialization and ends with collection by the garbage collector. Servlets provide platform-independent web development services to its consumers.

Servlets assist in a variety of other activities such as gathering input via web page forms and displaying data from a database or any third-party source aside from creating dynamic web pages.

Servlets are Java programs that run on a web application and transmit client requests to databases or servers. After connecting with the database, the servlets assist in processing the client's request and giving results.

Jakarta Server Pages (JSP)

The Jakarta Server Pages (JSP; previously JavaServer Pages) technology simplifies and accelerates the creation of dynamic web content.

JSP technology facilitates the quick construction of server- and platform-independent web-based applications. JSP is comparable to PHP and ASP, however it is written in Java.

Instead of using separate Common Gateway Interface (CGI) files to embed dynamic components in HTML pages, JSP technology, which provides access to the complete Java API family, can be used.

Web development is made simple with the aid of special JSP tags, which allow for the incorporation of Java code into HTML pages.

A JSP page comprises static data expressed in HTML, WML, XML, and other markup languages, as well as JSP technology features that regulate the dynamic movement of online content.

Using the JSP technology, you may insert bits of servlet code straight into a text-based page. JSP is a popular Java EE technology that allows developers to quickly create sophisticated dynamic web pages.

Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) API

Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) is a Java programming language application programming interface (API) that describes how a client may access a database.

It is a Java-based data access technology that is part of the Java Standard Edition platform and is used for Java database connectivity. Clients can use web apps that use JDBC drivers to change any information in the database.

Clients can connect to the database using JDBC API applications and edit, remove, save, and access data. JDBC can read any database and instantly generates an XML format from the data in the database.

JDBC API supports both synchronous and asynchronous processing. JDBC is used to display the processed results to the customers in a fairly easy manner. It supports a wide range of SQL commands and queries for connecting to databases.

Java Persistence API (JPA)

One technique to object-relational mapping (ORM) is the Jakarta Persistence API (JPA; formerly Java Persistence API). The developer can use JPA to map, store, update, and retrieve data from relational databases to Java objects and vice versa.

JPA is suitable for usage in both Java-EE and Java-SE applications. JPA is a specification that describes the administration of relational data in Java applications.

Several implementations are available. You do not need to utilize a lot of code or proprietary frameworks to connect with the database since JPA will give you a simple way to communicate with the database utilizing an object-relational approach. JPA is a set of efficient classes and methods for connecting to databases.

akarta Server Faces (JSF)

As previously stated, JSF is a UI framework for developing web-based interfaces. JSF provides a straightforward architecture for producing components in a variety of scripting or markup languages.

The data sources and server-side event handlers are linked to the UI widgets. Existing standard UI components can be reused and enhanced in interface development using JSF. JSF aids in the reduction of work required to create and maintain web applications.

Mobile App Development with Java

An important benefit of adopting Java for mobile app development is that it supports Object Oriented Programming (OOPS) ideas and is more competent since it is scalable, extendable, and adaptable. It includes a large library of default design patterns as well as other best practices.

You can utilize android classes, frameworks, and callbacks to develop a Java mobile app for Android. If necessary, you can also utilize Kotlin and Java to create your Android app.

Kotlin can be used for desktop apps in conjunction with IntelliJ IDEA to provide Kotlin-specific project templates, coding aid, refactorings, and debugging.

GraalVM can be used by programmers to create a Java mobile app for iOS. Java developers could construct the mobile app in accordance with Apple's requirements by using specified classes and images.

Java Desktop Application Development

Building the frame and all of the GUI components for your program is by far the simplest method to develop a desktop application in Java.

To construct the GUI, you can use an integrated development environment (IDE) such as the NetBeans IDE and the Java Foundation Classes (JFC) or the SWING graphical user interface toolkit in conjunction with the Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT) API. The following are some examples of Java apps that can be created for desktops:

  • Desktop graphical user interface (GUI) applications
  • Enterprise desktop solutions
  • Scientific tools
  • Embedded systems
  • Technologies for Big Data
  • Distributed applications

Why use Java for your next Custom Programming project?

divider

Robust & scalable

The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) provides a dynamic linking environment that enables Java to operate in any environment.

Java applications are extremely scalable because they employ automated memory management and garbage collection. Java also has a comprehensive type checking system, which makes Java applications more resilient.

Simplicity

Java was introduced in 1996 and is currently regarded as one of the easiest languages to learn because of its less confusing syntactic nomenclature inherited from C++.

Anyone who understands the fundamentals of programming can learn quickly and begin using Java right away.

Cross-platform

Java allows you to develop a custom application once and execute it anywhere on any platform such as Windows, Mac OS, and Linux that supports the Java Virtual Machine (JVM).

As a result, Java is an excellent choice for mobile app development, web development, and database connection.

Performance

Java creates high-performance programs which are highly optimized by the Just-In-Time compiler because of its bytecode.

Security

A broad range of APIs, tools, and implementations of commonly used security methods, processes, and protocols are utilized to provide Java security. Cryptography, public key infrastructure, secure communication, authentication, and access control are all examples of Java APIs.

JDK was created with a significant emphasis on security in mind, enabling the creation of secure applications from the start. Java also has security measures such as run-time and compile-time static type-checking.

Object-oriented

Java is a computer programming language that is object-oriented (OOP). It includes all of the OOP features, such as inheritance, polymorphism, abstraction, and encapsulation.

Multi-threading

Java employs a multi-threaded web server that handles each request in a distinct thread, allowing several threads to be handled concurrently.

This allows custom Java programs to do several activities at the same time without having to query the events. Java's multi-threaded processing makes it ideal for CPU-intensive applications like video streaming and picture editing.

Open-source libraries

The majority of Java libraries are open-source and supported by skilled Java developers. The usage of such libraries speeds up the back-end programming of web projects substantially.

Rich ecosystem

Java provides a plethora of frameworks and tools to help with back-end development. As previously said, various frameworks can be utilized based on the demands of your unique software program.

Why use Java for your next Custom Programming project?

divider

Cambria is a 38-year-old, California-based corporation, with operations mostly based in Makati, Metro Manila in the Philippines. You will get the same programming we always had, but at a far cheaper cost than in the United States.

The Philippines is the second biggest English-speaking country in the world after the USA and our development staff will be as simple to deal with as any American firm because of its American culture and history.

Our Java Application Development services entail the creation of strong mobile, web-based, and embedded software solutions capable of running Java on all platforms. Cambria offers best-in-class custom Java programming services that make use of sophisticated Java frameworks and the most recent Java technological advances.

We offer reusable code and specialize in robust and agile server-side and client-side custom application development, with a highly flexible technological stack from which to select based on your project's needs. Outsource your Java programming needs to the Philippines to accelerate your product launch.

Portfolio

divider
View More

Contact Us

Request a free consultation and get a no obligation quote for your project.