Features of C and C++
C is a general-purpose, procedural computer programming language. It has a long history of use in programs that were originally written in assembly language. C compilers are available for the majority of existing computer architectures and operating systems. Since 1989, the ANSI (ANSI C) and ISO have standardized the C language.
A C source code program is made up of directives, pragmas, declarations, definitions, statement blocks, and functions. There is no requirement for executable statements in source files. You could find it beneficial to define variables in one source file and then declare references to these variables in other source files that use them.
C++ is a general-purpose programming language developed by Bjarne Stroustrup as an extension of the C computer language. The language has evolved substantially over time, and now includes object-oriented, generic, and functional features. C++ has always allowed for C-style programming, including raw pointers, arrays, null-terminated character strings, and other capabilities.
Modern C++ also includes low-level memory management capabilities. The code is simpler, safer, more beautiful, and just as quick as it has always been. It provides access to low-level hardware capabilities to enhance performance and reduce memory needs.
Why Were C and C++ Programming Languages Developed?
C is a procedural programming language that was introduced earlier for system applications and low-level programs. C++ is an object-oriented programming language that has the same characteristics as C as well as extra features for complicated application development such as encapsulation and inheritance.
Bell Labs developed the C programming language in the early 1970s. Ken Thompson's first goal was to create a programming language for the emerging Unix platform. Thompson built B by modifying the BCPL system language. Because of its slowness and inability to take use of PDP-11 capabilities, B was never used to write many utilities. As a result, Dennis Ritchie improved on B, resulting in C.
The creation of C was to serve as the foundation for Unix. The basics of modern C, according to Bell Labs, were completed in 1973. The language and compiler were powerful enough to allow rebuilding the Unix kernel in C for the PDP-11. This meant that C was developing into a powerful programming language that could be used in a variety of systems.
Almost every correct statement in C++ is also a correct statement in C, but not vice versa. C++ was initially referred to as "C with classes."
C++ is a fork of the C programming language. It was created by combining the most significant components of C. C++, on the other hand, includes numerous new features. These include an enhanced approach to input/output (I/O) and a new method to construct comments.
In truth, the practical distinctions between C and C++ are more pronounced than you would assume. Although it is possible to build a C++ program that looks like a C code, few people do. C++ programmers not only employ C++'s new features, but they also highlight classic C characteristics in different proportions than C programmers.
C and C++ Business Application Software
C/C++-based business apps are quick, highly functional, all-encompassing, and scalable.
These applications have become a vital element of businesses and are frequently required for a company to survive and, as a result, succeed. Such applications have been regularly upgraded and modified over the years to contain more capability and give more comprehensive solutions. Some examples are shown below.
Graphical User Interface (GUI) Applications
The C Development Language includes the GTK toolkit, which allows for GUI programming. C++ can be used to quickly create most GUI-based and desktop programs because it provides the necessary capabilities. It includes the QT tool, which allows for GUI programming.
C has built-in and basic data types. C++, on the other hand, supports user-defined data types in addition to primitive and built-in data types. Furthermore, C++ includes built-in data types such as Boolean and String. In the C programming language, there are no such built-in data types.
C++ is also utilized in the development of database administration applications. C++ is used to create the two most popular databases, My` and Postgres.
C++ is widely used for scripting MySQL, one of the most prominent database management systems used by businesses worldwide. The software serves as the foundation for a large number of well-known database-based businesses, not to mention a multitude of smaller organizations that utilize MySQL.
Because the C and C++ programming languages are fast to run, they are an excellent choice for creating operating systems. Furthermore, C++ contains a large collection of system-level functions that aid in the development of low-level programs.
For rendering content, most browsers utilize C and C++. Rendering engines must be quicker in execution since most users do not appreciate waiting for a web page to load. Because of C++'s rapid performance, most browsers have their rendering software built in C++.
C or C++ is used to write compilers for many high-level programming languages. C and C++ are both low-level languages that are near to hardware and can program and modify the underlying hardware resources.
When very high-level mathematical operations are required, performance and speed become critical. As a result, the majority of libraries utilize C++ as their primary programming language. C++ is the backend code used by the majority of high-level machine language libraries.
C++ is quicker than the majority of other programming languages and enables multithreading with concurrency. As a result, C++ is the most popular programming language for applications that require both speed and concurrency.
Desktop Software Programming
In C++, a desktop application is a native application that can use the entire set of Windows APIs and runs in a window or the system console. C++ desktop apps are compatible with Windows XP through Windows 10.
Any C++ desktop program can access C Runtime (CRT) and Standard Library classes and methods, COM objects, and public Windows functions, collectively referred to as the Windows API.
C/C++ Programming for Mobile Apps
Writing code for various platforms may be time-consuming and difficult. The major development languages and tools for iOS, Android, and Windows differ from one another. However, all systems allow you to write code in C++. It is common across all platforms that allows core code to be reused. When developing apps for various platforms, code reuse can save time and effort.
Using Visual Studio's cross-platform tools, you can create native C and C++ apps for iOS, Android, and Windows devices. The Visual Studio installation includes a workload for mobile programming using C++. It installs the SDKs and technologies required for cross-platform shared library and native app development.
C++ Programming Projects to Help Your Business
There are several types of application software available to meet diverse business demands, regardless of the size or industry of the company. Organizations can save time, money, and effort on routine procedures by implementing automated project management systems.
Here are some C++ business application projects you can start today.
Human Resource Information System (HRIS)
An independent multi-national research study of 11 nations found that the cost of lost productivity to the service industry is more than $5 trillion USD per year. Because human resources is one of the most important departments in any company, deploying a human resources software project can help to automate a variety of clerical activities.
HRIS, which manages digital documents, can monitor and automate your business recruitment process, employee onboarding, record keeping, training, and payroll.
Hotel Booking System Project
If you operate in the travel or leisure industry, you could have a hotel booking system project for your company. A centralized database programming method is used in this project. The C++ hotel management project provides a variety of services such as verifying guests' information, reserving a room, changing guests' information, and evaluating allocated rooms. The project makes extensive use of two crucial C++ concepts: file handling and classes.
Inventory Control System
Having an inventory control software for your business can rapidly notify your staff when it identifies an error or discrepancy, allowing warehouse management to correct the problem as soon as possible. This project program reduces the need to assign staff to manually count, record, and cross-check inventories across several locations.
Business Address Book Project
This project makes use of C++ data structure foundations. It will assist your business with incorporating the ability to add, update, or delete data from your internal address book. The project will need some knowledge of data structures, as well as how to modify and deal with them. You can link the project to your company database in the background to collect information.
Businesses must ensure that communication is simplified across all departments and locations in order to share data effectively. This project uses cloud-based system integrators that are assisting businesses in streamlining their information sharing. You can build a central database that allows authenticated users to read reports at any time and collaborate with different departments smoothly.
Accounting Software Project
Accounting software projects assist financial advisers in monitoring business success by measuring costs, income, and the bottom line in real time. Accountants can guarantee that books contain important data and that the business remains successful if they have up-to-date information.
C++ is frequently used to write some of the most significant and widely used corporate applications. Customer Relationship Management (CRM) software, project management tools, marketing automation, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), and business intelligence are common examples of such applications.
Is C Still Relevant and is C++ Still Used Today?
Business applications have become an essential component of how companies throughout the world operate. It should come as no surprise that the usage of applications in business has expanded from sales and production to processing, management, communication, and so on.
The fact that many programming languages currently outperform C for their original purpose does not imply that they outperform C in other areas. When it comes to performance, C is still unrivaled. The world revolves around C-powered electronics.
C++ was the world's most popular programming language. While it is no longer at its peak, it is nevertheless a powerful and flexible programming language. The astounding speed of C++ is one of the primary reasons it is so extensively used today.
Cambria's Hardware-Linked C/C++ Programming Projects
A significant Cambria project a few years ago was the development of software for Mitsubishi's Diamond Video Series 9100 Group Video Conferencing Systems. This is high-end video conferencing at high bandwidths, including lip synching and all the capabilities you'd expect from a system of this caliber.
The project encompassed everything from low-level programming to the user interface, as well as access to the system's unique hardware.
Another C++ programming project for Mitsubishi was the development of a range of goods for incarcerating convicts at home.
This project was mostly a collaborative effort among Cambria C and C++ programmers. It comprised software that managed the telecommunications between the prisoner's ankle bracelet, the home station in the prisoner's house, and the unit running at the police station, which consisted of a C program for handling telecommunications and a database program for tracking the results.
C++ Programming at Cambria Today
Today, our C/C++ team is based in the Philippines and has grown to rival .NET and Java as our most popular service. We now have many more C++ programmers on staff, and our team is continuously expanding as new projects come in. Much of what our C/C++ workforce produces today, like .NET and other services at Cambria, has to do with the internet.
Our most recent initiative focuses on increasing internet connectivity for people in locations where competition for internet access is fierce. There are few things more annoying in today's world than being unable to use your mobile phone when you most need it, and Cambria is working with its clients to fix this problem.
The bottom line is that Cambria has been providing C/C++ programming services for 38 years and can perform almost anything with this venerable software technology.
Please contact us if you need to outsource your C/C++ business application programming project or if you would like us to offer you with an experienced C/C++ programmer through our staff augmentation services.